Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega on Wednesday called the Catholic Church a “perfect dictatorship” for not allowing members to elect the pope and other authority figures.
In the Church, “everything is imposed. It’s a perfect dictatorship. It’s a perfect tyranny,” he said, reflecting ongoing tensions between his government and the religious institution over the 2018 protests.
“If they are going to be democratic, let them start with Catholics voting for the pope, for cardinals, for bishops,” Ortega said during a televised speech to mark the 43rd anniversary of the Nicaraguan police’s establishment.
The Catholic Church in Nicaragua has been under increasing government pressure since Ortega accused it of backing the protests against his government in 2018. A crackdown against the demonstrators left hundreds dead.
Ortega maintains the protests were part of a United States-backed opposition plot to unseat him and accuses bishops of complicity.
During his speech Wednesday, Ortega called out bishops and priests as “killers” and “coup plotters” working on behalf of “American imperialism.”
“I would say to His Holiness the Pope, respectfully, to the Catholic authorities — I am Catholic — as a Christian, I don’t feel represented,” he said, referencing the Church’s “terrible history.”
Ortega criticized subjects ranging from the Inquisition in Spain and South America to the abuse of Indigenous children in Canada.
“We hear (the Church) talk about democracy,” he said, suggesting that the faithful elect representatives to positions of Church leadership.
– Rising tensions –
Pope Francis, leader of the Catholic Church, earlier this month insisted on the importance of “never stopping the dialogue” with Nicaragua.
“There is a dialogue. We are talking with the government,” the pope said. “That does not mean that we approve of everything the government does, or that we disapprove.”
In his speech Wednesday, Ortega also criticized the US Assistant Secretary of State Brian Nichols, and the government of Chile, whose president Gabriel Boric recently criticized the Nicaraguan president for human rights violations.
Earlier Wednesday, a diplomatic source said that Nicaraguan Foreign Minister Denis Moncada had notified European Union ambassador to Managua, Bettina Muscheidt, of her expulsion, though Ortega did not mention it in his speech.
The EU and the United States have imposed sanctions against Nicaraguan officials over the last four years, citing human rights violations.
Strain between the Catholic Church and Nicaragua grew in March when Managua expelled the Vatican’s ambassador to the country.
In August, a bishop critical of the government, Rolando Alvarez, was put under house arrest for what police called “destabilizing and provocative” activities, drawing concern from Pope Francis and condemnation from the United States.
At least four priests and two seminarians were also arrested, but police did not specify the charges against them.
That came after a group of nuns was forced in July to leave the country when their order, the Missionaries of Charity, was outlawed.
Ortega ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, after the guerrilla ousting of US-backed dictator Anastasio Somoza.
Since returning to power in 2007, he has become increasingly authoritarian and quashed presidential term limits.